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Hello, I am trying to find the date of when an article was written. When I cite the source, what should I put for the "date written" since I cannot

seem to find it. I found a certain article of the Handbook of Texas Online. Thanks.
Last Updated: Jul 26, 2012  |  278 Views
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One of the challenges of citing internet sources is that a publication date is not always given for a specific page or website.  If a publication date of a specific page or site is not given, you can use the date given as the copyright date or a date that shows when a site was most recently updated as a publication date.  

However, in some cases, a site will not include a publication date, a copyright date, or a most recently updated date.  This is the case with The Handbook of Texas Online.

When a source does not have a date, the citation style you use will give some guidance on how to proceed.  See the style-specific guidelines below:

MLA style: include n.d. (no date) in place of a publication date

Chicago style: citations for websites require a Last accessed and/or Last modified date rather than a publication date

APA style: include n.d. (no date) in place of a publication date

Turabian style: citations for websites require a Last accessed date rather than a publication date

When you are uncertain about formatting the date, especially in a situation such as this, refer to the published version of a particular citation style guide.  Looking at the entry for "date" or "dates" in the index of the guide should direct you to directions for dealing with absent or incomplete publication dates.

Answered by Benjamin HarrisBookmark and Share

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